These rules of transparency and accountability are similar to those adopted in other international agreements. While the system does not carry financial penalties, the requirements are aimed at easily tracking the progress of individual nations and promoting a sense of global group pressure, which discourages any hesitation between countries that might consider it. Both the EU and its Member States are individually responsible for ratifying the Paris Agreement. It has been reported that the EU and its 28 Member States are simultaneously depositing their instruments of ratification to ensure that neither the EU nor its Member States commit to obligations belonging exclusively to each other, and some feared a disagreement on each Member State`s share of the EU-wide reduction target. Just like the British vote to leave the EU, the Paris Pact could be delayed.  However, on 4 October 2016, the European Parliament approved the ratification of the Paris Agreement and the European Union deposited its instruments of ratification on 5 October 2016 with several Eu Member States.  Following an election promise, Trump – a climate denier who claimed that climate change was a “scam” committed by China – announced in June 2017 his intention to withdraw the United States from the Paris Agreement. But despite the rose garden president`s statement that “we`re going out,” it`s not that simple. The withdrawal process requires the agreement to be in force for three years before a country can formally announce its intention to withdraw.
It will be a year before leaving the pact. This means that the United States will not be in place until November 4, 2020 could officially withdraw, the day after the presidential elections. Even a formal withdrawal would not necessarily be permanent, experts say; A future president could return in just one month. The authors of the agreement set a timeline for withdrawal, which must be followed by President Trump, which mitigates him to irreparably harm our climate. Although the agreement was welcomed by many people, including French President François Hollande and UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, criticism also emerged. For example, James Hansen, a former NASA scientist and climate change expert, expressed anger that most of the deal is made up of “promises” or goals and not firm commitments.  He called the Paris talks a fraud without “no deeds, only promises” and believes that only an interterritorial tax on CO2 emissions, which is not part of the Paris Agreement, would reduce CO2 emissions fast enough to avoid the worst effects of global warming.  Under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, legal instruments may be adopted to achieve the objectives of the Convention.
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